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Activity 9

In the wood

The yew: This shrub can grow to a height of 10 to 15 metres. It is slow-growing and can live to be a thousand years old. Its bark is reddish-brown.

The green Douglas pine: conifer of North American origin, it makes a substitute for the spruce. 40 to 50m in height.

The common spruce: the most common conifer to be found in the Ardennes. Scaly bark of a regular brown colour.

The Larch tree: one of the conifers to lose its needles in autumn, just like broad-leaved trees. 40 m in height.

The black pine: quite rare in the Ardennes. Blackish coloured bark. 40m in height.

The Beech: one of the most common broad-leaved trees of our regions. Grey bark. The fruit of the Beech (beechnuts) appear in October-November and are eaten by a great many wild animals (wild boars for example). In the past, the cattle that grazed in the forest also fed on beechnuts.

The Oak: often called the “king of our forests”. A robust tree, 30 to 40 m in height with vast, spreading branches. The bark is grey, then blackish-coloured and usually very cracked. Acorns are an important food source for a number of forest-dwelling animals in autumn.

The Birch tree: easily recognizable thanks to its characteristic silvery bark. The Birch is a colonizing tree; it is often among the first to take root in untilled soil. It grows rapidly to a height of 20 to 25 m.

The Hornbeam: less common in the forests of the Ardennes. 25 to 30 m high.

The Sorb tree: a shrub found frequently in our forests. 15 to 20 m in height, it is

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